Weblate organizes translatable content into tree like structure. The toplevel object is Project, which should hold all translations which belong together (for example translation of an application in several versions and/or documentation). On the next level, there is Component, which is actually the component to translate. Here you define Git repository to use and mask of files to translate. Bellow Component there are individual translations, which are handled automatically by Weblate as the translation files (matching mask defined in Component) appear in Git repository.
Administration of Weblate is done through standard Django admin interface, which is available under /admin/ URL.
Adding new components¶
All translation components need to be available as Git repositories and are organized as project/component structure.
Weblate supports wide range of translation formats supported by translate toolkit, see Supported formats for more information.
Weblate does support both multilingual and monolingual formats. For easier translating of monolingual formats, you should provide template file, which contains mapping of message IDs to source language (usually English).
To add new component to translate, you need to create translation project first. The project is sort of shelf, in which real translations are folded. All components in same project share suggestions and dictionary, also the translations are automatically propagated through the all component in single project (unless disabled in component configuration).
The project has only few attributes giving translators information about project.
The commit message on each commit Weblate does, it can use following format strings in the message:
- Language code
- Language name
- Component name
- Project name
- Total strings count
- Fuzzy strings count
- Fuzzy strings percent
- Translated strings count
- Translated strings percent
Component is real component for translating. You enter Git repository location and file mask which files to translate and Weblate automatically fetches the Git and finds all matching translatable files.
Should the language definition for translation be missing, empty definition is created and named as “cs_CZ (generated)”. You should adjust the definition and report this back to Weblate authors so that missing language can be included in next release.
The component contains all important parameters for working with Git and getting translations out of it:
Git repository used to pull changes.
This can be either real Git URL or weblate://project/component indicating that Git repository should be shared with another component.
- Git URL used for pushing, this is completely optional and push support will be disabled when this is empty.
URL of repository browser to display source files (location where messages are used). When empty no such links will be generated.
For example on GitHub, you would use something like https://github.com/nijel/weblate-hello/blob/%(branch)s/%(file)s#L%(line)s.
- Which branch to checkout from the Git and where to look for translations.
- Mask of files to translate including path. It should include one * replacing language code. In case your Git repository contains more than one translation files (eg. more Gettext domains), you need to create separate component for each. For example po/*.po or locale/*/LC_MESSAGES/django.po.
- Monolingual base language file
- Base file containing strings definition for Monolingual components.
- Base file for new translations
- Base file used to generate new translations, eg. .pot file with Gettext.
- Report source bugs
- Email address used for reporting upstream bugs. This address will also receive notification about any source string comments made in Weblate.
- You can lock the translation to prevent updates by users.
- Allow translation propagation
- You can disable propagation of translations to this component from other components within same project. This really depends on what you are translating, sometimes it’s desirable to have same string used.
- Pre commit script
- One of scripts defined in PRE_COMMIT_SCRIPTS which is executed before commit.
- Extra commit file
- Additional file to include in commit, usually this one is generated by pre commit script described above.
- Save translation history
- Whether to store history of translation changes in database.
- Suggestion voting
- Enable voting for suggestions, see Suggestion voting.
- Autoaccept suggestions
- Automatically accept voted suggestions, see Suggestion voting.
- Quality checks flags
- Additional flags to pass to quality checks, see Customizing checks.
Fetching Git repository and importing translations to Weblate can be lengthy process depending on size of your translations. Here are some tips to improve this situation:
Clone Git repository in advance¶
You can put in place Git repository which will be used by Weblate. The repositories are stored in path defined by GIT_ROOT in settings.py in <project>/<component> directories.
This can be especially useful if you already have local clone of this repository and you can use --reference option while cloning:
git clone \ --reference /path/to/checkout \ git://github.com/nijel/weblate.git \ weblate/repos/project/component
The default configuration is useful for testing and debugging Weblate, while for production setup, you should do some adjustments. Many of them have quite big impact on performance. Please check Production setup for more details, especially:
Automatic creation of components¶
In case you have project with dozen of po files, you might want to import all at once. This can be achieved using import_project.
First you need to create project which will contain all components and then it’s just a matter of running import_project.
In case you want Weblate to access private repository it needs to get to it somehow. Most frequently used method here is based on SSH. To have access to such repository, you generate SSH key for Weblate and authorize it to access the repository.
You also need to verify SSH host keys of servers you are going to access.
You can generate or display key currently used by Weblate in the admin interface (follow SSH keys link on main admin page).
The keys need to be without password to make it work, so be sure they are well protected against malicious usage.
If you need to access http/https Git repositories using a proxy server, you need to configure Git to use it.
This can be configured using the http_proxy, https_proxy, and all_proxy environment variables (check cURL documentation for more details) or by enforcing it in Git configuration, for example:
git config --global http.proxy http://user:[email protected]:80
The proxy setting needs to be done in context which is used to execute Weblate. For the environment it should be set for both server and cron jobs. The Git configuration has to be set for the user which is running Weblate.
Fulltext search is based on Whoosh. You can either allow Weblate to directly update index on every change to content or offload this to separate process by OFFLOAD_INDEXING.
The first approach (immediate updates) allows more up to date index, but suffers locking issues in some setup (eg. Apache’s mod_wsgi) and produces more fragmented index.
Offloaded indexing is always better choice for production setup - it only marks which items need to be reindexed and you need to schedule background process (update_index) to update index. This leads to faster response of the site and less fragmented index with cost that it might be slightly outdated.