Translating using Weblate¶
Thank you for interest in translating using Weblate. Projects can either be set up for direct translation, or by way of accepting suggestions made by users without accounts.
Overall, there are two modes of translation:
The project accepts direct translations
The project accepts only suggestions, which are automatically validated once a defined number of votes is reached
Please see 翻译工作流 for more information on translation workflow.
Options for translation project visibility:
Publicly visible and anybody can contribute
Visible only to a certain group of translators
Translation projects hold related components, related to the same software, book, or project.
Actual permissions might vary depending on your Weblate configuration.
Anonymous users can only (if permitted) forward suggestions. Doing so is still available to signed in users, in cases where uncertainty about the translation arises, which will prompt another translator to review it.
The suggestions are scanned on a daily basis to remove duplicate ones or suggestions that match the current translation.
Variants are used to group variants of the string in different lengths. The frontend can use different strings depending on the screen or window size.
Labels are used to categorize strings within a project. These can be used to further customize the localization workflow, for example to define categories of strings.
On the translation page, the source string and an edit area for translating are shown. Should the translation be plural, multiple source strings and edit areas are shown, each described and labeled in plural form.
All special whitespace characters are underlined in red and indicated with grey symbols. More than one subsequent space is also underlined in red to alert the translator to a potential formatting issue.
Various bits of extra information can be shown on this page, most of which coming from the project source code (like context, comments or where the message is being used). When you choose secondary languages in your preferences, translation to these languages will be shown (see 第二语言) above the source string.
Below the translation, any suggestion made by others will be shown, which you can in turn accept, accept with changes, or delete.
Words that change form to account of their numeric designation are called plurals. Each language has its own definition of plurals. English, for example, supports one plural. In the singular definition of for example “car”, implicitly one car is referenced, in the plural definition, “cars” two or more cars are referenced, or the concept of cars as a noun. Languages like for example Czech or Arabic have more plurals and also their rules for plurals are different.
Weblate has full support for each of these forms, in each respective language by translating every plural separately. The number of fields and how it is used in the translated application depends on the configured plural formula. Weblate shows the basic information, but you can find a more detailed description in the Language Plural Rules by the Unicode Consortium.
在 2.18 版更改: The keyboard shortcuts have been revamped in 2.18 to less likely collide with browser or system defaults.
The following keyboard shortcuts can be utilized during translation:
- Alt+Enter, Ctrl+Enter, or Cmd+Enter
- Ctrl+Shift+Enter or Cmd+Shift+Enter
Unmarks translation as fuzzy and submits it.
- Ctrl+E or Cmd+E
Focus translation editor.
- Ctrl+U or Cmd+U
Focus comment editor.
- Ctrl+M or Cmd+M
Shows machine translation tab.
- Ctrl+<NUMBER> or Cmd+<NUMBER>
Copies placeable of given number from source string.
- Ctrl+M <NUMBER> or Cmd+M <NUMBER>
Copy the machine translation of given number to current translation.
- Ctrl+I <NUMBER> or Cmd+I <NUMBER>
- Ctrl+J or Cmd+J
显示 :guilabel: `附近字符串`选项卡。
- Ctrl+S or Cmd+S
Focuses search field.
- Ctrl+O or Cmd+O
Copies source string.
- Ctrl+Y or Cmd+Y
Toggles the Needs editing flag.
A small visual keyboard is shown just above the translation field. This can be useful for typing characters not usually found or otherwise hard to type.
The shown symbols factor into three categories:
This contextual description provides related information about the current string.
- String attributes
Things like message ID, context (
msgctxt) or location in source code.
Screenshots can be uploaded to Weblate to better inform translators of where and how the string is used, see 字符串的可见文本.
Displays neighbouring messages from the translation file. These are usually also used in a similar context and prove useful in keeping the translation consistent.
In case a message appears in multiple places (e.g. multiple components), this tab shows all of them if they are found to be inconsistent (see 不一致的). You can choose which one to use.
Look at similar strings translated in past, see Memory Management.
Displays terms from the project glossary used in the current message.
List of people whom have changed this message recently using Weblate.
Project information like instructions for translators, or information about its version control system repository.
If the translation format supports it, you can also follow supplied links to respective source code containing each source string.
Every change is by default (unless turned off in component settings) saved in the database, and can be reverted. Optionally one can still also revert anything in the underlying version control system.
Translated string length¶
Weblate can limit length of translation in several ways to ensure the translated string is not too long:
The default limitation for translation is ten times longer than source string. This can be turned off by
LIMIT_TRANSLATION_LENGTH_BY_SOURCE_LENGTH. In case you are hitting this, it might be also caused by monolingual translation being configured as bilingual, making Weblate see translation key as source string instead of the actual source string. See 双语和单语格式 for more info.
Maximal length in characters defined by translation file or flag, see 译文最大长度.
Maximal rendered size in pixels defined by flags, see 最大翻译大小.
Each project can have an assigned glossary for any language as a shorthand for storing terminology. Consistency is more easily maintained this way. Terms from the currently translated string can be displayed in the bottom tabs.
On the Glossaries tab of each project page, you can edit existing glossaries.
An empty glossary for a given project is automatically created when project is created. Glossaries are shared among all components of the same project and you can also choose to share them with another projects. You can do this only for projects you can administer.
On this list, you can choose which glossary to manage (all languages used in the current project are shown). Following one of the language links will lead you to a page which can be used to edit, import or export the selected glossary, or view the edit history:
Based on configuration and your translated language, Weblate provides you suggestions from several machine translation tools and 翻译记忆库. All machine translations are available in a single tab of each translation page.
You can find the list of supported tools in 机器翻译.
You can use automatic translation to bootstrap translation based on external sources. This tool is called Automatic translation accessible in the Tools menu, once you have selected a component and a language:
Two modes of operation are possible:
Using other Weblate components as a source for translations.
Using selected machine translation services with translations above a certain quality threshold.
You can also choose which strings are to be auto-translated.
Be mindful that this will overwrite existing translations if employed with wide filters such as All strings.
Useful in several situations like consolidating translation between different components (for example website and application) or when bootstrapping translation for a new component using existing translations (translation memory).
To avoid abuse of the interface, there is rate limiting applied to several operations like searching, sending contact form or translating. In case you are hit by this, you are blocked for a certain period until you can perform the operation again.
The default limits are described in the administrative manual in 频次限制, but can be tweaked by configuration.
Bulk edit allows you to perform operation on number of strings. You define search strings and operation to perform and all matching strings are updated. Following operations are supported:
Changing string state (for example to approve all strings waiting for review)
Adjust translation flags (see 定制行为)
Adjust string labels (see String labels)
This tool is called Bulk edit accessible in the Tools menu for each project, component or translation.