使用 Weblate 进行翻译工作

Thank you for interest in translating using Weblate. Projects can either be set up for direct translation, or by way of accepting suggestions made by users without accounts.

Overall, there are two modes of translation:

  • The project accepts direct translations

  • The project only accepts suggestions, which are automatically validated once a defined number of votes is reached

有关翻译工作流的更多信息,请见 翻译工作流

Options for translation project visibility:

  • Publicly visible and anybody can contribute

  • 仅指定的翻译员群组可见

翻译项目

Translation projects hold related components; resources for the same software, book, or project.

../_images/project-overview.png

建议

注解

Actual permissions might vary depending on your Weblate configuration.

Anonymous users can only (by default) forward suggestions. Doing so is still available to signed-in users, in cases where uncertainty about the translation arises, prompting other translators to review it.

The suggestions are scanned on a daily basis to remove duplicates and suggestions matching the current translation.

注释

Three types of comments can be posted: for translations, source strings, or to report source string bugs when this functionality is turned on using 启用来源评论. Choose the one suitable to topic you want to discuss. Source string comments are in any event good for providing feedback on the original string, for example that it should be rephrased or to ask questions about it.

你可以在所有评论中使用 Markdown 语法,并用 @mention 提及其他用户。

变体

Variants are used to group different length variants of the string. The frontend of your project can then use different strings depending on the screen or window size.

标签

Labels are used to categorize strings within a project to further customize the localization workflow (for example to define categories of strings).

翻译

On the translation page, the source string and an editing area for its translation are shown. Should the translation be plural, multiple source strings and editing areas are shown, each described and labeled in the amount of plural forms the translated language has.

All special whitespace characters are underlined in red and indicated with grey symbols. More than one subsequent space is also underlined in red to alert the translator to a potential formatting issue.

Various bits of extra info can be shown on this page, most of which coming from the project source code (like context, comments or where the message is being used). Translation fields for any secondary languages translators select in the preferences will be shown (see 第二语言) above the source string.

Below the translation, translators will find suggestion made by others, to be accepted (✓), accepted with changes (✏️), or deleted (🗑).

复数形式

Words changing form to account of their numeric designation are called plurals. Each language has its own definition of plurals. English, for example, supports one. In the singular definition of for example “car”, implicitly one car is referenced, in the plural definition, “cars” two or more cars are referenced (or the concept of cars as a noun). Languages like for example Czech or Arabic have more plurals and also their rules for plurals are different.

Weblate has full support for each of these forms, in each respective language (by translating every plural separately). The number of fields and how it is in turn used in the translated application or project depends on the configured plural formula. Weblate shows the basic info, and the Language Plural Rules by the Unicode Consortium is a more detailed description.

参见

复数式

../_images/plurals.png

键盘快捷键

在 2.18 版更改: The keyboard shortcuts have been revamped in 2.18 to less likely collide with browser or system defaults.

以下键盘快捷键可以在翻译中使用:

键盘快捷键

描述

Alt+Home

导航到当前搜索中的第一个翻译。

Alt+End

导航到当前搜索中的最后一个翻译。

Alt+PageUp or

Ctrl or

Alt or

Cmd

导航到当前搜索中的前一处翻译。

Alt+PageDown or

Ctrl+ or

Alt+ or

Cmd+

导航到当前搜索中的下一处翻译。

Alt+Enter or

Ctrl+Enter or

Cmd+Enter

保存当前翻译。

Ctrl+Shift+Enter or

Cmd+Shift+Enter

取消标记翻译为“需要编辑”并提交它。

Ctrl+E or

Cmd+E

Focus translation editor.

Ctrl+U or

Cmd+U

Focus comment editor.

Ctrl+M or

Cmd+M

显示 Automatic suggestions 选项卡,请参见 自动建议

Ctrl+1 to Ctrl+9 or

Cmd+1 to Cmd+9

Copies placeable of given number from source string.

Ctrl+M+1 to 9 or

Cmd+M+1 to 9

Copy the machine translation of given number to current translation.

Ctrl+I+1 to 9 or

Cmd+I+1 to 9

忽略失败检查列表中的一个项目。

Ctrl+J or

Cmd+J

显示 :guilabel: `附近字符串`选项卡。

Ctrl+S or

Cmd+S

定位到搜索框。

Ctrl+O or

Cmd+O

复制源字符串。

Ctrl+Y or

Cmd+Y

切换 :guilabel:`需要编辑`标记。

虚拟键盘

A small visual keyboard row is shown just above the translation field. This can be useful to keep local punctuation in mind (as the row is local to each language), or have characters otherwise hard to type handy.

The shown symbols factor into three categories:

  • User configured characters defined in the 用户个人资料

  • Per-language characters provided by Weblate (e.g. quotes or RTL specific characters)

  • Characters configured using SPECIAL_CHARS

../_images/visual-keyboard.png

Translation context

This contextual description provides related info about the current string.

字符串属性

Things like message ID, context (msgctxt) or location in source code.

截图

Screenshots can be uploaded to Weblate to better inform translators of where and how the string is used, see 字符串的可见语境.

附近字符串

显示翻译文件中相邻信息。这些信息通常是类似的上下文,并保证翻译的一致性。

其它的出现位置

如果一条信息出现在多个地方(例如多个组件),若发现它们不一致,这个标签会显示所有的信息(参见 不一致的)。你可以选择使用其中之一。

翻译记忆库

查找过去曾经翻译的相识字符串,参见:ref:memory

术语表

显示当前信息中使用的项目术语表的术语。

近期变更

显示最近通过Weblate更改了此信息的人员列表。

项目

Project info like instructions for translators, or a directory or link to the string in the version control system repository the project uses.

If you want direct links, the translation format has to support it.

翻译历史记录

Every change is by default (unless turned off in component settings) saved in the database, and can be reverted. Optionally one can still also revert anything in the underlying version control system.

Translated string length

Weblate can limit the length of a translation in several ways to ensure the translated string is not too long:

  • The default limitation for translation is ten times longer than the source string. This can be turned off by LIMIT_TRANSLATION_LENGTH_BY_SOURCE_LENGTH. In case you are hitting this, it might be also caused by a monolingual translation erroneously set up as bilingual one, making Weblate mistaking the translation key for the actual source string. See 双语和单语格式 for more info.

  • Maximal length in characters defined by translation file or flag, see 译文最大长度.

  • Maximal rendered size in pixels defined by flags, see 最大翻译大小.

自动建议

Based on configuration and your translated language, Weblate provides suggestions from several machine translation tools and 翻译记忆库. All machine translations are available in a single tab of each translation page.

参见

You can find the list of supported tools in 机器翻译.

自动化翻译

You can use automatic translation to bootstrap translation based on external sources. This tool is called Automatic translation accessible in the Tools menu, once you have selected a component and a language:

../_images/automatic-translation.png

Two modes of operation are possible:

  • Using other Weblate components as a source for translations.

  • Using selected machine translation services with translations above a certain quality threshold.

你也可以选择对哪些字符进行自动翻译。

警告

Be mindful that this will overwrite existing translations if employed with wide filters such as All strings.

Useful in several situations like consolidating translation between different components (for example the application and its website) or when bootstrapping a translation for a new component using existing translations (translation memory).

频次限制

To avoid abuse of the interface, rate limiting is applied to several operations like searching, sending contact forms or translating. If affected by it, you are blocked for a certain period until you can perform the operation again.

Default limits and fine-tuning is described in the administrative manual, see 频次限制.

搜索并替换

Change terminology effectively or perform bulk fixing of the strings using Search and replace in the Tools menu.

提示

Don’t worry about messing up the strings. This is a two-step process showing a preview of edited strings before the actual change is confirmed.

批量编辑

Bulk editing allows performing one operation on number of strings. You define strings by searching for them and set up something to be done for matching ones. The following operations are supported:

提示

This tool is called Bulk edit accessible in the Tools menu of each project, component or translation.

Matrix View

To compare different languages efficiently you can use the matrix view. It is available on every component page under the Tools menu. First select all languages you want to compare and confirm your selection, after that you can click on any translation to open and edit it quickly.

The matrix view is also a very good starting point to find missing translations in different languages and quickly add them from one view.

Zen Mode

The Zen editor can be enabled by clicking the Zen button on the top right while translating a component. It simplifies the layout and removes additional UI elements such as Nearby strings or the Glossary.

You can select the Zen editor as your default editor using the 首选项 tab on your 用户个人资料. Here you can also choose between having translations listed Top to bottom or Side by side depending on your personal preference.