Tworzenie kopii zapasowych i przenoszenie weblate

Automated backup using BorgBackup

Nowe w wersji 3.9.

Weblate has built-in support for creating service backups using BorgBackup. Borg creates space-effective encrypted backups which can be safely stored in the cloud. The backups can be controlled in the management interface from the Backups tab.

Zmienione w wersji 4.4.1: Both PostgreSQL and MySQL/MariaDB databases are included in the automated backups.

The backups using Borg are incremental and Weblate is configured to keep following backups:

  • Codzienne kopie zapasowe przez 14 dni wstecz

  • Weekly backups for 8 weeks back

  • Monthly backups for 6 months back

../_images/backups.png

Klucz szyfrujący Borg

BorgBackup creates encrypted backups and you wouldn’t be able to restore them without the passphrase. The passphrase is generated when adding a new backup service and you should copy it and keep it in a secure place.

If you are using Weblate provisioned backup storage, please backup your private SSH key too, as it’s used to access your backups.

Zobacz także

borg init

Weblate provisioned backup storage

The easiest way of backing up your Weblate instance is purchasing the backup service at weblate.org. This is how you get it running:

  1. Kup Usługę tworzenia kopii zapasowych na https://weblate.org/support/#backup.

  2. Enter the obtained key in the management interface, see Integracja wsparcia.

  3. Weblate connects to the cloud service and obtains access info for the backups.

  4. Turn on the new backup configuration from the Backups tab.

  5. Wykonaj kopię zapasową swoich poświadczeń Borg, aby móc przywrócić kopie zapasowe, patrz Klucz szyfrujący Borg.

Podpowiedź

The manual step of turning everything on is there for your safety. Without your consent no data is sent to the backup repository obtained through the registration process.

Korzystanie z niestandardowego magazynu kopii zapasowych

You can also use your own storage for the backups. SSH can be used to store backups in the remote destination, the target server needs to have BorgBackup installed.

Zobacz także

General w dokumentacji

Lokalny system plików

It is recommended to specify the absolute path for the local backup, for example /path/to/backup. The directory has to be writable by the user running Weblate (see Uprawnienia systemu plików). If it doesn’t exist, Weblate attempts to create it but needs the appropriate permissions to do so.

Podpowiedź

When running Weblate in Docker, please ensure the backup location is exposed as a volume from the Weblate container. Otherwise the backups will be discarded by Docker upon restarting the container it is in.

One option is to place backups into an existing volume, for example /app/data/borgbackup. This is an existing volume in the container.

You can also add a new container for the backups in the Docker Compose file for example by using /borgbackup:

services:
  weblate:
    volumes:
      - /home/weblate/data:/app/data
      - /home/weblate/borgbackup:/borgbackup

The directory where backups will be stored have to be owned by UID 1000, otherwise Weblate won’t be able to write the backups there.

Zdalne kopie zapasowe

For creating remote backups, you will have to install BorgBackup onto another server that’s accessible for your Weblate deployment via SSH using the Weblate SSH key:

  1. Prepare a server where your backups will be stored.

  2. Install the SSH server on it (you will get it by default with most Linux distributions).

  3. Install BorgBackup on that server; most Linux distributions have packages available (see Installation).

  4. Choose an existing user or create a new user that will be used for backing up.

  5. Add Weblate SSH key to the user so that Weblate can SSH to the server without a password (see Weblate Klucz SSH).

  6. Configure the backup location in Weblate as user@host:/path/to/backups or ssh://user@host:port/path/to/backups.

Podpowiedź

Weblate provisioned backup storage provides you automated remote backups without any effort.

Zobacz także

Weblate Klucz SSH, General

Przywracanie z BorgBackup

  1. Restore access to your backup repository and prepare your backup passphrase.

  2. List all the backups on the server using borg list REPOSITORY.

  3. Restore the desired backup to the current directory using borg extract REPOSITORY::ARCHIVE.

  4. Restore the database from the SQL dump placed in the backup directory in the Weblate data dir (see Zrzucone dane do kopii zapasowych).

  5. Copy the Weblate configuration (backups/settings.py, see Zrzucone dane do kopii zapasowych) to the correct location, see Dostosowywanie konfiguracji.

    When using Docker container, the settings file is already included in the container and you should restore the original environment variables. The environment.yml file might help you with this (see Zrzucone dane do kopii zapasowych).

  6. Copy the whole restored data dir to the location configured by DATA_DIR.

    Korzystając z kontenerów Dockera, umieść dane w wolumenie danych, zobacz Woluminy kontenerów platformy Docker.

    Please make sure the files have correct ownership and permissions, see Uprawnienia systemu plików.

The Borg session might look like this:

$ borg list /tmp/xxx
Enter passphrase for key /tmp/xxx:
2019-09-26T14:56:08                  Thu, 2019-09-26 14:56:08 [de0e0f13643635d5090e9896bdaceb92a023050749ad3f3350e788f1a65576a5]
$ borg extract /tmp/xxx::2019-09-26T14:56:08
Enter passphrase for key /tmp/xxx:

Zobacz także

borg list, borg extract

Ręczna kopia zapasowa

Depending on what you want to save, back up the type of data Weblate stores in each respective place.

Podpowiedź

If you are doing the manual backups, you might want to silence Weblate’s warning about a lack of backups by adding weblate.I028 to SILENCED_SYSTEM_CHECKS in settings.py or WEBLATE_SILENCED_SYSTEM_CHECKS for Docker.

SILENCED_SYSTEM_CHECKS.append("weblate.I028")

Baza danych

The actual storage location depends on your database setup.

Podpowiedź

The database is the most important storage. Set up regular backups of your database. Without the database, all the translations are gone.

Natywna kopia zapasowa bazy danych

The recommended approach is to save a dump of the database using database-native tools such as pg_dump or mysqldump. It usually performs better than Django backup, and it restores complete tables with all their data.

You can restore this backup in a newer Weblate release, it will perform all the necessary migrations when running in migrate. Please consult Aktualizacja Weblate on more detailed info on how to upgrade between versions.

Kopia zapasowa bazy danych Django

Alternatively, you can back up your database using Django’s dumpdata command. That way the backup is database agnostic and can be used in case you want to change the database backend.

Prior to restoring the database you need to be running exactly the same Weblate version the backup was made on. This is necessary as the database structure does change between releases and you would end up corrupting the data in some way. After installing the same version, run all database migrations using migrate.

Afterwards some entries will already be created in the database and you will have them in the database backup as well. The recommended approach is to delete such entries manually using the management shell (see Wywoływanie poleceń zarządzania):

weblate shell
>>> from weblate.auth.models import User
>>> User.objects.get(username='anonymous').delete()

Pliki

If you have enough backup space, simply back up the whole DATA_DIR. This is a safe bet even if it includes some files you don’t want. The following sections describe what you should back up and what you can skip in detail.

Zrzucone dane do kopii zapasowych

Zmienione w wersji 4.7: The environment dump was added as environment.yml to help in restoring in the Docker environments.

Przechowywane w DATA_DIR /backups.

Weblate dumps various data here, and you can include these files for more complete backups. The files are updated daily (requires a running Celery beats server, see Zadania w tle korzystające z Celery). Currently, this includes:

  • Weblate settings as settings.py (there is also expanded version in settings-expanded.py).

  • Kopia zapasowa bazy danych PostgreSQL jako database.sql.

  • Environment dump as environment.yml.

The database backups are saved as plain text by default, but they can also be compressed or entirely skipped using DATABASE_BACKUP.

To restore the database backup load it using dabase tools, for example:

psql --file=database.sql weblate

Repozytoria kontroli wersji

Przechowywane w DATA_DIR /vcs.

The version control repositories contain a copy of your upstream repositories with Weblate changes. If you have Przesyłaj przy commitowaniu enabled for all your translation components, all Weblate changes are included upstream. No need to back up the repositories on the Weblate side as they can be cloned again from the upstream location(s) with no data loss.

Klucze SSH i GPG

Stored in DATA_DIR /ssh and DATA_DIR /home.

If you are using SSH or GPG keys generated by Weblate, you should back up these locations. Otherwise you will lose the private keys and you will have to regenerate new ones.

Pliki przesłane przez użytkownika

Przechowywane w DATA_DIR /media.

You should back up all user uploaded files (e.g. Kontekst wizualny dla ciągów).

Zadania Celery

The Celery task queue might contain some info, but is usually not needed for a backup. At most you will lose updates not yet been processed to translation memory. It is recommended to perform the fulltext or repository update upon restoration anyhow, so there is no problem in losing these.

Wiersz poleceń do ręcznego tworzenia kopii zapasowych

Using a cron job, you can set up a Bash command to be executed on a daily basis, for example:

$ XZ_OPT="-9" tar -Jcf ~/backup/weblate-backup-$(date -u +%Y-%m-%d_%H%M%S).xz backups vcs ssh home media fonts secret

The string between the quotes after XZ_OPT allows you to choose your xz options, for instance the amount of memory used for compression; see https://linux.die.net/man/1/xz

You can adjust the list of folders and files to your needs. To avoid saving the translation memory (in backups folder), you can use:

$ XZ_OPT="-9" tar -Jcf ~/backup/weblate-backup-$(date -u +%Y-%m-%d_%H%M%S).xz backups/database.sql backups/settings.py vcs ssh home media fonts secret

Przywracanie ręcznej kopii zapasowej

  1. Restore all data you have backed up.

  2. Zaktualizuj wszystkie repozytoria za pomocą updategit.

    weblate updategit --all
    

Przenoszenie instalacji Weblate

Relocate your installation to a different system by following the backing up and restoration instructions above.