Erişim denetimi

Weblate, tüm örnek için veya sınırlı bir kapsamda kullanıcı izinlerini atamak için ayrıntılı bir yetki sistemiyle birlikte gelmektedir.

3.0 sürümünde değişti: Before Weblate 3.0, the privilege system was based on Django privilege system only, but is specifically built for Weblate now. If using anything older, please consult the documentation for the specific version you are using.

Simple access control

If you are not administrating the whole Weblate installation and just have access to manage certain projects (like on Hosted Weblate), your access control management options are limited to following settings. If you don’t need any complex setup, those are sufficient for you.

Proje erişim kontrolü

Not

Bu özellik, Barındırılan Weblate üzerinde Özgür planını kullanan projeler için kullanılabilir değildir.

You can limit user’s access to individual projects by selecting a different Access control setting. Available options are:

Açık

Publicly visible, translatable for all logged-in users.

Korumalı

Publicly visible, but translatable only for selected users.

Özel

Visible and translatable only for selected users.

Özel

User management features will be disabled; by default all users are forbidden to performed any actions on the project. You will have to set up all the permissions using Custom access control.

Access control can be changed in the Access tab of the configuration (ManageSettings) of each respective project.

../_images/project-access.png

The default value can be changed by DEFAULT_ACCESS_CONTROL.

Not

Even for Private projects, some info about your project will be exposed: statistics and language summary for the whole instance will include counts for all projects despite the access control setting. Your project name and other information can’t be revealed through this.

Not

The actual set of permissions available for users by default in Public, Protected, and Private projects can be redefined by Weblate instance administrator using custom settings.

Uyarı

By turning on Custom access control, Weblate will remove all special groups it has created for a selected project. If you are doing this without admin permission for the whole Weblate instance, you will instantly lose your access to manage the project.

Ayrıca bakınız

Erişim denetimi

Proje başına erişim denetimini yönetme

Users with the Manage project access privilege (see Yetkiler listesi) can manage users in projects with non-Custom access control. They can assign users to one of the following groups.

For Public, Protected and Private projects:

Yönetim

Includes all permissions available for the project.

Review (only if review workflow is turned on)

Gözden geçirme sırasında çevirileri onaylayabilir.

For Protected and Private projects only:

Çevir

Can translate the project and upload translations made offline.

Kaynaklar

Can edit source strings (if allowed in the project settings) and source string info.

Diller

Çevrilen dilleri yönetebilir (çeviri ekleyebilir veya kaldırabilir).

Sözlük

Can manage glossary (add or remove entries, also upload).

Bellek

Çeviri belleğini yönetebilir.

Ekran görüntüleri

Ekran görüntülerini yönetebilir (ekleyip kaldırabilir ve kaynak dizgilerle ilişkilendirebilir).

VCS

VCS’yi yönetebilir ve dışa aktarılan depoya erişebilir.

Faturalandırma

Can access billing info and settings (see Faturalandırma).

Unfortunately, it’s not possible to change this predefined set of groups for now. Also this way it’s not possible to give just some additional permissions to all users.

Not

For non-Custom access control an instance of each group described above is actually defined for each project. The actual name of those groups will be Project@Group, also displayed in the Django admin interface this way. Although they can’t be edited from Weblate user-interface.

../_images/manage-users.png

These features are available on the Access control page, which can be accessed from the project’s menu ManageUsers.

New user invitation

Also, besides adding an existing user to the project, it is possible to invite new ones. Any new user will be created immediately, but the account will remain inactive until signing in with a link in the invitation sent via an e-mail. It is not required to have any site-wide privileges in order to do so, access management permission on the project’s scope (e.g. a membership in the Administration group) would be sufficient.

İpucu

If the invited user missed the validity of the invitation, they can set their password using invited e-mail address in the password reset form as the account is created already.

3.11 sürümünde geldi: It is possible to resend the e-mail for user invitations (invalidating any previously sent invitation).

The same kind of invitations are available site-wide from the management interface on the Users tab.

Per-project permission management

You can set your projects to Protected or Private, and manage users per-project in the Weblate user interface.

By default this prevents Weblate from granting access provided by Users and Viewers default groups due to these groups’ own configuration. This doesn’t prevent you from granting permissions to those projects site-wide by altering default groups, creating a new one, or creating additional custom settings for individual component as described in Custom access control below.

One of the main benefits of managing permissions through the Weblate user interface is that you can delegate it to other users without giving them the superuser privilege. In order to do so, add them to the Administration group of the project.

Custom access control

Not

Bu özellik, Barındırılan Weblate üzerinde Özgür planını kullanan projeler için kullanılabilir değildir.

The permission system is based on groups and roles, where roles define a set of permissions, and groups link them to users and translations, see Users, roles, groups, and permissions for more details.

The most powerful features of the Weblate’s access control system for now are available only through the Django admin interface. You can use it to manage permissions of any project. You don’t necessarily have to switch it to Custom access control to utilize it. However you must have superuser privileges in order to use it.

If you are not interested in details of implementation, and just want to create a simple-enough configuration based on the defaults, or don’t have a site-wide access to the whole Weblate installation (like on Hosted Weblate), please refer to the Simple access control section.

Yaygın kurulumlar

This section contains an overview of some common configurations you may be interested in.

Site-wide permission management

To manage permissions for a whole instance at once, add users to appropriate default groups:

  • Users (this is done by default by the automatic group assignment).

  • Reviewers (if you are using review workflow with dedicated reviewers).

  • Managers (if you want to delegate most of the management operations to somebody else).

You should keep all projects configured as Public (see Proje erişim kontrolü), otherwise the site-wide permissions provided by membership in the Users and Reviewers groups won’t have any effect.

You may also grant some additional permissions of your choice to the default groups. For example, you may want to give a permission to manage screenshots to all the Users.

You can define some new custom groups as well. If you want to keep managing your permissions site-wide for these groups, choose an appropriate value for the Project selection (e.g. All projects or All public projects).

Diller, bileşenler veya projeler için özel izinler

You can create your own dedicated groups to manage permissions for distinct objects such as languages, components, and projects. Although these groups can only grant additional privileges, you can’t revoke any permission granted by site-wide or per-project groups by adding another custom group.

Example:

If you want (for whatever reason) to allow translation to a specific language (lets say Czech) only to a closed set of reliable translators while keeping translations to other languages public, you will have to:

  1. Remove the permission to translate Czech from all the users. In the default configuration this can be done by altering the Users default group.

    Group Users

    Dil seçimi

    As defined

    Diller

    All but Czech

  1. Add a dedicated group for Czech translators.

    Group Czech translators

    Roller

    Power users

    Proje seçimi

    All public projects

    Dil seçimi

    As defined

    Diller

    Czech

  1. Add users you wish to give the permissions to into this group.

As you can see, permissions management this way is powerful, but can be quite a tedious job. You can’t delegate it to another user, unless granting superuser permissions.

Users, roles, groups, and permissions

The authentication models consist of several objects:

Permission

Individual permission defined by Weblate. Permissions cannot be assigned to users. This can only be done through assignment of roles.

Role

A role defines a set of permissions. This allows reuse of these sets in several places, making the administration easier.

User

User can belong to several groups.

Group

Group connect roles, users, and authentication objects (projects, languages, and component lists).

graph auth { "User" -- "Group"; "Group" -- "Role"; "Role" -- "Permission"; "Group" -- "Project"; "Group" -- "Language"; "Group" -- "Components"; "Group" -- "Component list"; }

Not

A group can have no roles assigned to it, in that case access to browse the project by anyone is assumed (see below).

Access for browse to a project

A user has to be a member of a group linked to the project, or any component inside that project. Having membership is enough, no specific permissions are needed to browse the project (this is used in the default Viewers group, see Grup listesi).

Access for browse to a component

A user can access unrestricted components once able to access the components’ project (and will have all the permissions the user was granted for the project). With Restricted access turned on, access to the component requires explicit permissions for the component (or a component list the component is in).

Scope of groups

The scope of the permission assigned by the roles in the groups are applied by the following rules:

  • If the group specifies any Component list, all the permissions given to members of that group are granted for all the components in the component lists attached to the group, and an access with no additional permissions is granted for all the projects these components are in. Components and Projects are ignored.

  • If the group specifies any Components, all the permissions given to the members of that group are granted for all the components attached to the group, and an access with no additional permissions is granted for all the projects these components are in. Projects are ignored.

  • Otherwise, if the group specifies any Projects, either by directly listing them or by having Projects selection set to a value like All public projects, all those permissions are applied to all the projects, which effectively grants the same permissions to access all projects unrestricted components.

  • The restrictions imposed by a group’s Languages are applied separately, when it’s verified if a user has an access to perform certain actions. Namely, it’s applied only to actions directly related to the translation process itself like reviewing, saving translations, adding suggestions, etc.

İpucu

Use Language selection or Project selection to automate inclusion of all languages or projects.

Example:

Let’s say there is a project foo with the components: foo/bar and foo/baz and the following group:

Group Spanish Admin-Reviewers

Roller

Review Strings, Manage repository

Bileşenler

foo/bar

Diller

Spanish

Members of that group will have following permissions (assuming the default role settings):

  • General (browsing) access to the whole project foo including both components in it: foo/bar and foo/baz.

  • Review strings in foo/bar Spanish translation (not elsewhere).

  • Manage VCS for the whole foo/bar repository e.g. commit pending changes made by translators for all languages.

Kendiliğinden grup atamaları

On the bottom of the Group editing page in the Django admin interface, you can specify Automatic group assignments, which is a list of regular expressions used to automatically assign newly created users to a group based on their e-mail addresses. This assignment only happens upon account creation.

The most common use-case for the feature is to assign all new users to some default group. In order to do so, you will probably want to keep the default value (^.*$) in the regular expression field. Another use-case for this option might be to give some additional privileges to employees of your company by default. Assuming all of them use corporate e-mail addresses on your domain, this can be accomplished with an expression like ^.*@mycompany.com.

Not

Automatic group assignment to Users and Viewers is always recreated when upgrading from one Weblate version to another. If you want to turn it off, set the regular expression to ^$ (which won’t match anything).

Not

As for now, there is no way to bulk-add already existing users to some group via the user interface. For that, you may resort to using the REST API.

Varsayılan gruplar ve roller

After installation, a default set of groups is created (see Grup listesi).

These roles and groups are created upon installation. The built-in roles are always kept up to date by the database migration when upgrading. You can’t actually change them, please define a new role if you want to define your own set of permissions.

Yetkiler listesi

Faturalandırma (bkz: Faturalandırma)

Faturalandırma bilgisini görüntüle [Yönetim, Faturalandırma]

Değişiklikler

Değişiklikleri indir [Yönetim]

Yorumlar

Yorum gönder [Yönetim, Kaynağı düzenle, Uzman kullanıcı, Dizgileri gözden geçir, Çevir]

Yorum sil [Yönetim]

Bileşen

Bileşen ayarlarını düzenle [Yönetim]

Bileşeni kilitle, çevirileri engeller [Yönetim]

Sözlük

Sözlük girişi ekle [Yönetim, Sözlüğü yönet, Uzman kullanıcı]

Sözlük girişi düzenle [Yönetim, Sözlüğü yönet, Uzman kullanıcı]

Sözlük girişi sil [Yönetim, Sözlüğü yönet, Uzman kullanıcı]

Sözlük girişlerini yükle [Yönetim, Sözlüğü yönet, Uzman kullanıcı]

Otomatik öneriler

Otomatik önerileri kullan [Yönetim, Kaynağı düzenle, Uzman kullanıcı, Dizgileri gözden geçir, Çevir]

Çeviri Belleği

Çeviri belleğini düzenle [Yönetim, Çeviri belleğini yönet]

Çeviri belleğini sil [Yönetim, Çeviri belleğini yönet]

Projeler

Proje ayarlarını düzenle [Yönetim]

Proje erişimini yönet [Yönetim]

Raporlar

Raporları indir [Yönetim]

Ekran görüntüleri

Ekran görüntüsü ekle [Yönetim, Ekran görüntülerini yönet]

Ekran görüntüsü düzenle [Yönetim, Ekran görüntülerini yönet]

Ekran görüntüsü sil [Yönetim, Ekran görüntülerini yönet]

Kaynak dizgiler

Ek dizgi bilgilerini düzenle [Yönetim, Kaynağı düzenle]

Dizgiler

Yeni dizgi ekle [Yönetim]

Bir dizgiyi kaldır [Yönetim]

Kusur denetimini yok say [Yönetim, Kaynağı düzenle, Uzman kullanıcı, Dizgileri gözden geçir, Çevir]

Dizgileri düzenle [Yönetim, Kaynağı düzenle, Uzman kullanıcı, Dizgileri gözden geçir, Çevir]

Dizgileri gözden geçir [Yönetim, Dizgileri gözden geçir]

Öneriler zorunlu kılındığında dizgiyi düzenle [Yönetim, Dizgileri gözden geçir]

Kaynak dizgileri düzenle [Yönetim, Kaynağı düzenle, Uzman kullanıcı]

Öneriler

Öneriyi kabul et [Yönetim, Kaynağı düzenle, Uzman kullanıcı, Dizgileri gözden geçir, Çevir]

Öneri ekle [Yönetim, Kaynağı düzenle, Öneri ekle, Uzman kullanıcı, Dizgileri gözden geçir, Çevir]

Öneri sil [Yönetim, Uzman kullanıcı]

Öneriye oy ver [Yönetim, Kaynağı düzenle, Uzman kullanıcı, Dizgileri gözden geçir, Çevir]

Çeviriler

Çeviri için dil ekle [Yönetim, Uzman kullanıcı, Dilleri yönet]

Otomatik çeviri gerçekleştir [Yönetim, Dilleri yönet]

Mevcut çeviriyi sil [Yönetim, Dilleri yönet]

Çeviri için birkaç dil ekle [Yönetim, Dilleri yönet]

Yüklemeler

Yüklenen çevirinin yazarını tanımla [Yönetim]

Yükleme ile varolan dizgilerin üzerine yaz [Yönetim, Kaynağı düzenle, Uzman kullanıcı, Dizgileri gözden geçir, Çevir]

Çevirileri yükle [Yönetim, Kaynağı düzenle, Uzman kullanıcı, Dizgileri gözden geçir, Çevir]

VCS

İç depoya eriş [Yönetim, Depoya eriş, Uzman kullanıcı, Depoyu yönet]

Değişiklikleri iç depoya işle [Yönetim, Depoyu yönet]

İç depodan değişikliği yolla [Yönetim, Depoyu yönet]

İç depodaki değişiklikleri sıfırla [Yönetim, Depoyu yönet]

Yukarı akış depo konumunu görüntüle [Yönetim, Depoya eriş, Uzman kullanıcı, Depoyu yönet]

İç depoyu güncelle [Yönetim, Depoyu yönet]

Site çapında yetkiler

Yönetim arayüzünü kullan

Yeni projeler ekle

Dil tanımları ekle

Dil tanımlarını yönet

Grupları yönet

Kullanıcıları yönet

Rolleri yönet

Duyuruları yönet

Çeviri belleğini yönet

Bileşen listelerini yönet

Not

Site çapında yetkiler herhangi bir varsayılan role verilmez. Bunlar güçlüdür ve yetkili kullanıcı (superuser) durumuna oldukça yakındır. Çoğu Weblate kurulumunuzdaki tüm projelerini etkiler.

Grup listesi

The following groups are created upon installation (or after executing setupgroups) and you are free to modify them. The migration will, however, re-create them if you delete or rename them.

Konuklar

Kimliği doğrulanmamış kullanıcılar için izinleri tanımlar.

Bu grup yalnızca anonim kullanıcıları içerir (bkz: ANONYMOUS_USER_NAME).

Kimliği doğrulanmamış kullanıcıların izinlerini sınırlamak için bu gruptaki rolleri kaldırabilirsiniz.

Varsayılan roller: Öneri ekle, Depoya eriş

Görüntüleyiciler

This role ensures visibility of public projects for all users. By default, all users are members of this group.

By default, automatic group assignment makes all new accounts members of this group when they join.

Varsayılan roller: yok

Kullanıcılar

Tüm kullanıcılar için varsayılan grup.

By default, automatic group assignment makes all new accounts members of this group when they join.

Varsayılan roller: Uzman kullanıcı

Gözden geçirenler

Gözden geçirenler için grup (bkz: Translation workflows).

Varsayılan roller: Dizgileri gözden geçir

Yöneticiler

Yöneticiler için grup.

Varsayılan roller: Yönetim

Uyarı

Never remove the predefined Weblate groups and users as this can lead to unexpected problems! If you have no use for them, you can removing all their privileges instead.

Additional access restrictions

If you want to use your Weblate installation in a less public manner, i.e. allow new users on an invitational basis only, it can be done by configuring Weblate in such a way that only known users have an access to it. In order to do so, you can set REGISTRATION_OPEN to False to prevent registrations of any new users, and set REQUIRE_LOGIN to /.* to require logging-in to access all the site pages. This is basically the way to lock your Weblate installation.

İpucu

You can use built-in invitations to add new users.